Protection from War
Your rights under the UNCRC
UNCRC, Article 38: It’s your right to be protected and to be free from war. Children under 15 can’t be forced to go into the army, or to take part in war.
Your rights under Irish law
Under the International Protection Act 2015, it’s your right to be housed in Direct Provision centres if you are a refugee or asylum seeker. You will get food and shelter there until you wait for the decision if you can stay in the country or not.
Did you know?
- Ireland is an independent, neutral country. This means we don’t take sides in wars.
- In some countries, there is a compulsory military service. This means when young people are 18, they need to spend some months in the army learning to be a soldier. There is no compulsory military service in Ireland.
- In May 2000, the UN General Assembly put together the Optional Protocol to the UNCRC on the involvement of children in armed conflict (OPAC). This treaty aims to protect children from being recruited and used in war situations.
- Ireland is the last country in the EU to sign up to a UN protocol about the sale of children (CRA Report card 2018)
- 165 countries, including Ireland, have signed this protocol. The countries that have signed up to this protocol say they will not recruit children and young people under 18 to send them into war. It also says that countries will give children who have been used in war situations the support they need to help them recover.
- According to the 2016 annual report of the UN’s Secretary General on Children and Armed Conflict, over 8,000 former child soldiers were released in 2015.
- Millions of people, including children, have had to leave where they live because of conflict and fighting. They are afraid to return home because of war, or because it isn’t safe for them to be there. When they get to a safer country, they claim asylum (protection) and they become asylum seekers. If they can prove that it is unsafe for them to return home, asylum seekers get refugee status, which means they can stay in the country.
- In Ireland, asylum seekers must live in Direct Provision centres until it is decided if they can stay in Ireland or not. This decision can sometimes take a very long time. There are 1,532 children living in Direct Provision in Ireland as of March 2018, according to RIA figures.
- In June 2017, the government decided to increase the allowance that children in Direct Provision get from €15.60 a week to €21.60.
- While children in Direct Provision can go to school, adults in Direct Provision in the past were not allowed to work. However, in May 2017, a Supreme Court ruling said it was ‘unconstitutional’ to not allow people to work in Ireland. As of February 2018, adults in Direct Provision can apply for a working permit which will allow them to work in certain jobs in Ireland.
- Since April 2017 the Ombudsman for Children’s Office (OCO) can receive complaints about Direct Provision made by or for children living there.
Hear your right – read by Keeva Ní Bhaoill
Tá sé de cheart agat cosaint a fháil agus a bheith saor ó chogadh. Níl cead iallach a chur ar leanaí faoi bhun 15 mbliana d’aois dul san arm ná a bheith páirteach i gcogadh.
Éist le do chearta – léite ag Luke Ó Murchú
What children and young people are saying
- “I think the right to know your human rights are very important because human rights were made for a reason, to protect us children from war and stuff that’s happening now. Water and food are things that you’re supposed to have. The right to know your human rights is a thing that you’re supposed to have.” – Timi (12)
“I didn’t exactly know that the right that children weren’t allowed to be in war was allowed because so many children have been killed in war and it’s absolutely horrible, I didn’t really know that that was there.” – Emily (9)
“Children can get killed if they’re in that war situation, lots of them and they live in poverty and they don’t get their childhood, they have to look after their younger siblings and act like an adult from a very young age. The right to be protected from war is important” – Tara (12)
Find out more
- Peace Direct – Take a look at what young people in different parts of the world are doing to build peace
- Peace Doves– Play the Peace Doves game
- Cartoons for Children’s Rights – A short cartoon about children’s right to protection in times of war, made for Unicef’s Cartoons for Children’s Rights initiative
- Children and Armed Conflict – More information about children affected by armed conflict is on this website of the UN’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict
- Children, Not Soldiers – Find out about the UN’s Children, Not Soldiers initiative to stop the use of children as soldiers in armed conflict
Explore More – Resource materials for Teachers & Educators
- United Nations – ‘War, peace and human rights’. In Teaching Human Rights: Practical Activities for Primary and Secondary Schools (2004), pp.52-56.
- Council of Europe – ‘The Battle for the Orange’. Activity for 8-13 year olds about conflict and conflict resolution. In Compasito. Manual on Human Rights Education for Children (2009), pp.166-167.
- Amnesty International & Irish Aid – ‘Ishmael’s Story’. A resource for primary schools with a case study and learning activities about child soldiers. In Human Rights Stories (2012), pp. 31-39.
- UNA-UK – ‘Child Rights and Armed Conflict’. Information and suggested activity to support young people to explore the issue of children in armed conflict. In Learning about Human Rights isn’t Optional. It’s Vital. (2008), pp.7-8.
- UNICEF – ‘Fresh start after life as a child solder in Somalia’. Video (00:59 secs), February 2016.
- UNICEF – ‘The dangerous boat ride to Greece through the eyes of a Syrian refugee girl’. Video (03:15 mins), November 2015
- BBC and The Open University – Exodus: Our Journey to Europe is a documentary series, which records the stories of people, including children and families, as they travel from Syria and other countries to seek a new life in Europe (2016).